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2008 VCE Examination Acknowledgements

The Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority is grateful to the following for permission to reproduce material in this publication. Every effort has been made to trace and acknowledge copyright. However, should any infringement have occurred the publishers tender their apologies and invite copyright copyright owners to contact the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority.  

These examination papers contain copyright material owned by the VCAA and third parties. Users should ensure that their use complies with the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth).  See copyright page for more details. 


Page 3

Man Absorbed in Landscape by John Olsen, 1966. Licensed by Viscopy

Entities Suspended from a Detector by Robert Klippel, 1948. © Andrew Klippel. Courtesy Andrew Klippel


Melancholy and Mystery of a Street by Giorgio de Chirico, 1914. Licensed by Viscopy

The King Playing with the Queen by Max Ernst, 1944. Licensed by Viscopy

Imagine that you are moving by Julian Opie, 1997 © Julian Opie and Lisson Gallery

Icon to a Stolen Child by Julie Dowling, 1999. Licensed by Viscopy

Classical Societies and Cultures

Extract from The Aeneid by Virgil translated by R Fitzgerald, The Harvill Press. Used with permission of The Random House Group Limited.

Extract from The Trojan Women in Four Tragedies and Octavia by Seneca, translated with an introduction by E F Watling, Penguin Classics, 1966. Copyright E F Watling.

Extract from The Aeneid by Virgil, translated by David West, Penguin Books, 1990. Introduction and translation copyright David West, 1990.

Extract from The Wasps, The Poet and The Women, The Frogs by Aristophanes, translated with an introduction by David Barrett, Penguin Classics, 1964. Copyright David Barrett, 1964.

Extract from The Iliad by Homer, translated with an introduction by Robert Fagles, Penguin Classics, 1990.

Extract from Dinner with Trimalchio in The Satyricon by Petronius, translated by J P Sullivan, Penguin Classics, 1965.

Extract from The Eclogues, Georgics and Aeneid of Virgil, Virgil translated by C Day Lewis, Oxford University Press, 1966.

Extract from Ajax in Electra and Other Plays by Sophocles, translated by E F Watling, Penguin Classics, 1953.

Extract from History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, translated by Rex Warner with an introduction and notes by M I Finley, Penguin Classics, 1954.

Extract from The Iliad of Homer, translated by R Lattimore, The University of Chicago Press, 1961.

Extract from The Complete Greek Tragedies, translated by D Greene and R Lattimore, The University of Chicago Press, 1991.

English Language

Reproduced with permission of Penguin Group (Australia) Ltd. Wasted © Colin Bowles, 2001.

Food and Technology

Used with permission © Simplot Australia.

Health and Human Development

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

History: Australian History

Used with permission, Geoff Hook

Industry and Enterprise

© Herald Sun newspaper.


© Chekhov, Anton 2002, Plays, translated by Peter Carson. Translation and notes copyright Peter Carson, 2002. Introduction copyright Richard Gilman, 2002. Penguin Group UK.

© Euripides, The Bacchae and Other Plays, translated by Philip Vellacott, Penguin 1954, revised 1972. Copyright Philip Vellacott 1954, 1972.

© Davis, Jack 2002, No Sugar, Currency Press. Reproduced by permission from Currency Press, Sydney, Australia.

© Drewe, Robert 2000, The Shark Net, Penguin Australia.

© Farmer, Beverley 1996, Collected Stories, University of Queensland Press.

© Forbes, John 2001, Collected Poems, Brandl and Schlesinger

© Garner, Helen 1999, The Children’s Bach, Penguin Australia.

© Harwood, Gwen 2003, Collected Poems, University of Queensland Press.

© Miller, Alex 2001, Conditions of Faith, Allen and Unwin.

© Wright, Judith 1994, Collected Poems, Harper Collins.

Music Performance: Solo

© 1992 Nigel Westlake/Rimshot Music Australia.

Music Styles

Courtesy of Australian Broadcasting Corporation.

Courtesy of Warner Music Australia.

Outdoor and Environmental Studies

Courtesy of Victorian National Parks Association.

Texts and Traditions

New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989, division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright 1952 (2nd edition) 1971 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.