General information to schools
On 16 March 2022, it was announced that from next year, NAPLAN will be held earlier in the year to give teachers and parents important information about a student's skills and capability sooner, so that more targeted support can be delivered to improve literacy and numeracy skills throughout the year.
In 2023, NAPLAN will be held during Term 1 from
Wednesday 15 March to
Monday 27 March.
In early October 2022, the VCAA will seek applications from qualified people who wish to be considered for appointment as markers for the NAPLAN Writing task for 2023. Successful applicants will be notified in January 2023 to begin marking in March to April 2023. Approximately 300,000 writing scripts will be marked on screen.
In Victoria and across the nation, all students in years 3, 5, 7 and 9 are asked to undertake the NAPLAN Writing test. The writing task targets the full range of student capabilities expected of students from Years 3 to 9. The same marking guide is used to assess all students' writing, allowing for a national comparison of student writing capabilities across these year levels.
The Australian Curriculum: English requires students to be taught a variety of forms of writing at school. The three main text types (previously called genres) that are taught are imaginative writing (including narrative writing), informative writing and persuasive writing. In the Writing tests, students are provided with a ‘writing stimulus’ (sometimes called a prompt – an idea or topic) and asked to write a response in a particular text type. Students are tested on either narrative writing or persuasive writing. Informative writing is not yet tested by NAPLAN.
For more information see the
Students who have read, written and created a range of texts in a range of classroom activities, are well prepared for the NAPLAN Writing test.
Test practice that aims to familiarise students with NAPLAN test conditions is recommended as a useful support strategy. However, over-preparation and focus on any particular genre is inconsistent with the approach to teaching and learning described in the Victorian Curriculum F-10 and the National Curriculum. Over-preparation may also increase anxiety levels in students and lower performance levels under test conditions.
to convince a reader of their opinion and
structure their writing with an introduction, body and conclusion.
Students approach the NAPLAN Persuasive Writing test in different ways. Some students develop and justify their ideas, drawing on personal knowledge and experience or on more detailed general knowledge about a particular subject or issue. Some choose to present one side of the argument and may also include opposing arguments in order to rebut. Others seek to persuade by exploring both sides of the topic, before arriving at a clear and conclusive position.
Students also write in different forms. Most students present their argument in the form of an essay. Others choose to present their argument as a letter to the editor or as the text of a speech. Students may also use anecdotes or references to narratives such as films or novels to help convince their reader. Students cannot, however, present their entire response as a narrative (a story), or as a dramatised dialogue in which two characters argue.
a narrative or story that develops events, settings and characters to entertain, move, inform or enlighten readers. The structural components of the narrative are the
orientation, the complication and the resolution.
Students develop events, settings and characters in different ways, using first or third person narrators and past or present tense action. They may draw directly on personal experience and observation, for example, family or school events; or they may construct scenarios from multiple secondary sources such as shared stories, urban myths, books, films and computer games.
Students develop their stories imaginatively in a variety of narrative types or sub-genres, including fantasy, horror, quest and ‘teen literature’. They use language appropriate to their chosen narrative type, and arrange dialogue, description and action to support or progress their story.
Students support their reader by providing a sense of time and/or place (an orientation); they engage their reader by injecting tension or drama into their story through, for example, a problem or unexpected occurrence (a complication); and they provide their reader with a sense of completion (a resolution) by ending their story in an appropriate way.
Victorian schools can access scanned images of their students’ NAPLAN Writing test responses, which coincide with the release of NAPLAN reports in Term 3.
Please refer to the following documents regarding the use of NAPLAN Writing test responses.
General information for markers
The Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) is responsible for the administration and marking of the Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests.
Each year, the VCAA appoints suitable individuals to mark student responses for the NAPLAN Writing tests, drawing from the pool of re-applicant markers and recruiting new markers.
The primary objective of the marking operation is to reliably mark student responses according to the national rubric. Markers gain valuable professional experience and are paid for their marking. Marker training will also contribute to the continuing professional development requirements for teacher registration.
The genre for the Writing test is either narrative or persuasive. The genre is not disclosed prior to the test day and students are not able to choose the genre in which they write their response. The genre is the same for all year levels and is not made known to students, teachers or markers prior to the test. The writing topic for Years 3 and 5 is different from that for Years 7 and 9. This is to ensure maximum engagement and fairness for all students for the test.
In early October 2022, the VCAA seek applications from qualified people who wish to be considered for appointment as markers for the NAPLAN Writing task for 2023. Successful applicants will be notified in January 2023 to begin marking in March to April 2023. Approximately 300,000 writing scripts will be marked on screen.
To ensure test validity and accuracy in the marking of student responses for the 2023 NAPLAN Writing tests, markers will need to:
- complete scheduled mandatory marker training sessions - up to 2 days experienced marker/3 days new marker
- mark for the duration of the marking operation inclusively: approx. 30 days from mid-March until mid-April
- commit to a minimum of 4 hours per day (Day shift) and 3 hours per evening (Eve shift). This includes weekends.
- nominate to be one of the following marker types, you cannot swap between shifts:
Day marker (Day)
One day off each seven days during the project to be negotiated with Group Leader
Markers mark every day, Monday to Friday (8.30am to 4pm) plus Saturdays and Sundays (8.30am to 5.30pm) (i.e. 5 weekdays + weekends)
Day markers agree to mark a minimum of 4 hours per shift.
Evening marker (Eve)
One day off each seven days during the project to be negotiated with Group Leader
Markers mark every day, Monday to Friday (3.30pm to 10pm) plus Saturdays and Sundays (8.30am to 5.30pm) (i.e. 5 weekday evenings + weekends)
Evening markers agree to mark a minimum of 3 hours per shift.
NAPLAN Writing test
In 2023, NAPLAN tests will be held from 15 March instead of during May. This means marking of NAPLAN scripts will be from 20 March until approximately 26 April 2023.
Applications are now open and close on
Sunday 4 December 2022 (or earlier if required number of suitable applicants have been selected).
Each year, the VCAA appoints suitable individuals to mark student responses for the NAPLAN writing tests, drawing from the pool of experienced markers and recruiting new markers.
The primary objective of the marking operation is to accurately mark student responses according to the national rubric.
Markers gain valuable professional experience and are paid for their marking. Marker training will also contribute to the continuing professional development requirements for teacher registration.
We encourage applicants to apply for the entire marking period between 20 March-26 April (working six days a week and having the Easter period off).
However, with the date changes to the marking schedule in 2023, the VCAA recognizes that markers may have made arrangements during the term 1 school holidays and Easter period (7-21 April 2023) which preclude them from marking through the entire project. (It should be noted that the Easter period will be a four-day break for all markers and marking staff with centre closure.)
If you are an applicant who falls into the category of being unable to commit to the project in its entirety, while not ideal, it might be possible to employ you for part of the project only.
It should be noted that applicants who can work for the entirety of the project will be preferentially employed. This is to help continuity and the need to ensure scripts are marked in an accurate and timely manner.
Applicants will be offered a total of three options. Marking quotas will be implemented for each marking option. Please note that the VCAA cannot guarantee that every applicant will receive their preferred option.
|Option A (preferable) ||Mark for the entire project and have Easter period off||20 March to 26 April 2023 (Closed 7–10 April 2023)|
|Option B||Mark 18 days up until Easter /School holidays.||20 March to 6 April 2023|
|Option C||Mark from after the Easter period until the end of the project.||11 April to 26 April 2023|
Some important points to note:
- These are the only options available if you cannot commit to the entire project.
- The VCAA will not be able to accommodate alternative start and end dates for individual markers.
- The marking centre will be closed over Easter.
- The marking centre will be open on ANZAC Day.
- School holidays means the Victorian Government stipulated dates of 7–21 April 2023.
- Marker applications close
- Offers of appointment sent to successful applicants advising training and shift times.
- Applicants are appointed.
- Offers of appointment sent to Group Leaders and Professional Leaders.
- Training of Professional Leaders and support staff.
From Wednesday 15 March - Friday 27 March
- NAPLAN tests administered.
Monday 20 March - 26 April (approximately or until all scripts marked)
- NAPLAN marking operation begins.
Selection criteria for markers
You need to be in your final year of studying a relevant teaching degree or have a teaching degree specialising in English. It is also helpful to have experience teaching English. Relevant and recent marking experience is also taken into consideration. Current and retired English teachers are encouraged to apply.
If you are interested in becoming a marker, please familiarise yourself with the position description:
Marker - NAPLAN position description.
If you have two years’ experience marking NAPLAN Writing and are interested in becoming a group leader or a professional leader, please familiarise yourself with the position descriptions:
Please note, applicants who wish to be considered for the position of Group Leader or Professional Leader must indicate their interest when applying to be a marker on their SSMS application. You must have proven NAPLAN Writing marking experience to be selected as a Group Leader or Professional Leader.
Yes. All employees of the VCAA are expected to adhere to the Code of Conduct as a condition of employment. Please look carefully at this before applying. Please also familiarise yourself with the conditions of employment.
You do not currently need a Working with Children Check to mark NAPLAN Writing scripts as there is no contact with students.
You do not need a valid VIT registration.
The VCAA does, however, seek to employ a quota of active teachers from across Victoria, to ensure knowledge of marking NAPLAN scripts is held by teachers in schools. Marking NAPLAN scripts is valuable professional development for teachers.
If you do have a VIT registration you will not need to go through the NCRHC (National Criminal Record History Check) process as this check is covered by your teaching registration.
Yes. As of 2021, all casual employees of the VCAA need either a NCRHC or a VIT registration as a condition of employment. The NCRHC must be obtained through the VCAA.
You will be directed by the VCAA when and how to obtain the NCRHC upon appointment if you do not have a current VIT registration.
Once you have obtained a NCRHC through the VCAA, it is current for a two-year period.
The selection of markers each year is influenced by a combination of requirements that include:
- maintaining a pool of experienced markers
- the number of markers required to complete marking within the given timeframe
- opportunity for employment of new markers who have been successful in the marker recruitment
- opportunity for employment of a number of markers from outside the Victorian metropolitan area
- employment of a number of current practicing Victorian teachers (marking provides a significant individual professional development opportunity)
- employment of teachers from as many Victorian schools as possible (schools benefit from their teacher's experience as a marker)
- individuals who have a relevant and appropriate educational background
- the applicant's performance in previous marking operations (quality and consistency of marking, pace of marking, receptiveness to receiving feedback, and ability to apply any feedback provided)
- Relevant qualifications and experience: the applicant has a relevant teaching degree and experience teaching primary literacy or secondary English.
- Prior NAPLAN 2008 – 2022 marking: accuracy and speed.
- Other relevant marking experience.
Markers are chosen by a panel, based on the need to reflect these requirements.
No guarantee can be provided as to whether an applicant will be employed as a marker in any given year.
Offers of appointment are emailed in January. Unsuccessful applicants are also emailed to confirm the status of their applications.
All NAPLAN Marker training for 2023 will be in accordance with Covid-19 advice. It is envisaged that the majority of training will be delivered remotely via online training modules and online workshops. It is envisaged that this training will take the equivalent of up to 2 days for experienced markers, 3 days for new markers. All training is paid at a CRT rate. Information will be provided when it becomes available.
When reviewing writing results, please refer to the appropriate marking guide:
Further information regarding the assessment of writing can be found on the
Please note that NAPLAN markers undergo intensive training and supervised marking before gaining competence in the interpretation of marking guide descriptors. The marking guides are provided online for information, but it is recommended that marker training be undertaken or that assistance from trained markers be sought before the guides are used to assess student practice tests in schools.
New markers will be trained in the use of the most current ACARA Writing Marking Guide.
New markers and re-applicant markers who have not marked in 2021 or 2022 are required to participate in new marker training sessions and submit practice scripts post-training.
New applicants must satisfy the following criteria:
- hold a teaching degree specialising in English
- show a demonstrated understanding of assessment based on criteria and standards
- have the ability to apply a prescriptive marking model
- acquire satisfactory achievement in the marking of student compliance scripts after participating in the new marker training.
- be available for training and for the duration of the marking operation (approximately 5 weeks).
Re-applicant markers, including Group Leaders and Professional Leaders, need to apply to mark in 2023 if they are hoping to be appointed again.
Returning markers will have up to two days mandatory training involving an online module, on online workshop and a component of practice marking. This is a compulsory requirement set by ACARA.
All markers will be required to have good computer literacy and must meet the VCAA's minimum ICT requirements on their home PCs or personal laptops.
2023 mandatory marker training will include an ACARA online 2023 NAPLAN Writing Marking course and a component of online training for markers.
Group Leaders and Professional Leaders will also be required to attend role specific training in the lead up to the marking operation.
Specific training dates and requirements will be updated when available.
The mandatory training is broken into categories (New and Experienced) and must be successfully completed before you can mark student scripts. If, in the unlikely event, you are unable to attend your specific training session, email
Human Resources Unit or call (03) 9225 2305.
After training, when the marking period begins, markers will:
- work under the guidance of a group leader
- be monitored and kept to national standard
- mark from home for the duration of the project
- mark either during the day session (8.30am–4pm) or during the evening session (3.30pm–10pm)
- be unable to move between sessions, as the group leaders monitor markers in real time
- be required to mark every session from the start of training until the end of marking, working six days a week.
All marking will be done remotely (in your home) for 2023. You will need to ensure you have the minimum technical requirements on your home computer. When marking begins there will be a helpdesk to assist with any platform issues.
All markers will be required to have good computer literacy and must meet the VCAA’s minimum ICT requirements on their home PCs or personal laptops.
- PC (Intel Core i3, i5 or i7 and 4GB RAM) or Apple Mac
- Windows 7 and above, OS 10.6 and above
- 1024 x 768 pixels or higher
- Screen size — monitor: 17 inches
- Screen size — laptop: 15 inches
- Internet Explorer — version 11
- Google Chrome — version 45 (on both platforms)
- Safari — version 9 (on Apple Mac)
- Devices will require a microphone for online communication
By accepting the role of marker, you are agreeing to a minimum daily commitment of 4 hours per day if you work the day shift or three hours per evening if you work the evening shift. For marking to remain consistent and accurate we need daily marking from each marker. Whilst marking, you are supported by a group leader who monitors you in real time each shift. While you may miss the odd day over the four-week marking period, it is planned that you will meet the hourly minimum requirement each day.
Marking goes for roughly 30 days, based on all markers contributing their daily minimum commitment.
It is estimated you will mark between 8-10 scripts an hour when you get comfortable with the marking criteria. Scripts are randomised (Years 3,5,7 and 9) and markers mark all year levels, without knowing which year level they are marking.
The day shift operates from 8.30pm-4pm and the evening shift operates 3.30pm-10pm.
No. The weekend is traditionally a time when a lot of scripts are marked. The marking centre is open 8.30am-5.30pm. Both day and evening markers are encouraged to mark during this time on the weekends. It can be a time where if you have fallen behind in your daily marking commitment (four hours per day and three hours per eve), you can catch up on some marking.
Public holidays operate as a weekend day with weekend hours. The marking centre will be closed for the Easter break (7-10 April 2023) but open all other public holidays and weekend days through the marking period.
Markers are asked not to mark more than 7 hours per shift. NAPLAN Writing is currently capped at 80 scripts per shift. This cap can be lifted over the course of the project depending on marker accuracy.
Markers are monitored by group leaders. All markers are double marked at least 10-15%. Scripts are monitored and algorithms are used to ensure markers stay within national protocols.
Each year, there is a need for new Group Leaders. Group Leaders are paid at an hourly rate.
The role of group leader is a highly important one in the NAPLAN marking operation. The role of the group leader is to ensure the accuracy of their team of seven or eight markers. To this end the group leader is required to:
- facilitate the training of their group on training days
- provide assistance to their group throughout the marking operation
- backread approximately 10‐20% of their group members' marking
- retrain group members when required.
- For further information please see the position statement:
Group Leader — NAPLAN position description
Payment and professional development
Pay for time spent in a training session is based on CRT rates.
When marking begins, Markers are paid a rate of $5.30 per script.
VCAA does pay markers for time spent in training sessions based on CRT rates. The VCAA does not pay for any travel expenses incurred for the marking project.
The training and marking of student responses contributes to the continuing professional development requirements for teacher registration. For further information please see the
Applying to be a marker
Application for markers opens in early October 2022 and closes in December 2022.
If you are interested, you can apply on
For any technical difficulties, email
Human Resources Unit or call (03) 9225 2305.
All group leaders and professional leaders need to be appointed as markers first. Applicants who wish to be considered for the position of group leader or of professional leader, need to select this option when applying to be a marker through
Once markers have been appointed, selection of group leader or professional leader roles will take place in January. Previous marking experience is taken into account in the selection process for these roles.
If you have an SSMS user account and you know your username and password
- You can log in to your SSMS user account and complete your application.
If you have an SSMS user account but you have forgotten either or both of your username and/or password
- Go to the 'forgotten your…' links provided in the 'Log into your account' area. Once you have recovered your username and reset your password, you can log in to your SSMS user account and complete your application.
If you do not have an SSMS user account then you can apply as a new applicant
- Go to the 'Don't have an account' area and click on the 'new applicants' link. This will take you to the application process.
No. You do need a teaching degree specialising in English and have either a VIT (Victorian Institute of Teaching) registration or do a NCRHC (National Criminal Records History Check) through the VCAA.
Yes, you are most welcome — as it is anticipated marker training will be mainly remote in 2023, it is possible to be based interstate and mark for Victoria. Group Leaders and Professional Leaders will need to be based in Victoria.
Using SSMS (Seasonal Staff Management System)
Human Resources Unit or call (03) 9225 2305 if you:
- can’t remember your VCAA ID or password.
- want to change your marker type/commitment after you have submitted your marker application
If you have changed address/email/telephone number: You can
log in to SSMS at any time with your VCAA ID and password and update your details. Please check that your details are correct and up-to-date at all times.